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Bharat Rattan
Baba Sahib Dr.B.R.Ambedkar
M.A,Ph.D(Coumbia,USA), D.Sc.(London,U.K),
LL.D (Columbia,USA), D.Litt.(Osmania,India),

Bharat Rattna Baba Sahib Dr.B.R.Ambedkar

Born: April 14th,1891 - Parinibbana: Dec.6th,1956

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born in India in 1891 in the Mahar caste. As a member of the “Untouchable” caste, Ambedkar suffered considerable discrimination during his childhood. Being an untouchable, no barber would cut his hair and he could not sit in the classroom alongside his caste Hindu classmates nor participate in their games as his touch was polluting. He was not allowed to study as it is the language of the Hindu religious scriptures. Despite these obstacles, Ambedkar rose to acquire highest educational qualifications in the topmost universities of the world: M.A. and a Ph. D in 1916 from Columbia University, New York; a D. Sc in Economics from London School of Economics and a Bar-at-Law from Grays Inn, London both in 1923.

After completing his education, Dr. Ambedkar devoted his entire life to securing human rights for the over 200 million Dalits (formerly referred to as untouchables). In 1947, when India gained independence from Britain, Dr. Ambedkar, as Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee was responsible for drafting India’s constitution. He secured the human rights of the millions of untouchables by abolishing untouchability and by enshrining equality in the constitution of India. He also ensured the constitution made adequate protections/safeguards for the development of the disadvantaged ex-untouchables. Dr. Ambedkar also held the position of first Law Minister of independent India.

Dr. Ambedkar was an author of a number of books and articles and edited four journals during his 40 year crusade to raise the voice of the untouchables, namely, Mooknayak (leader of the dumb),, Janata (The People) and Prabuddha Bharat (Enlightened India). Bahishkrit Bharat (Ostracized India)

The crux of Dr. Ambedkar’s human rights struggle centered on: Self Respect, Self Help. In 1956, Dr. Ambedkar and a significant number of his followers converted from Hinduism to Buddhism. Dr. Ambedkar’s struggle for the human rights of over 200 million Dalits has left an important legacy for social justice in India



Compiled by:- Prem Kumar Chumber
  1. The India should not be free until the untouchables (Adi-Dharamis) are not freed and granted the equal legal rights otherwise; it will be a disgrace to the British rule.
  2. We have helped those (Adi-Dharamis) to live a better life and made them a nation! We gave them the revered gurus and made them optimistic!
  3. The Nations always progress by a unanimous voice of the society.
  4. To-day, we are still living just like the slaves during even the independence of the country!
  5. When the India was slave, we were the double slaves; we were the slaves of the so-called upper castes as well as of the British Government.
  6. We can rise only in our country when our own society is solid and the society must have a one voice!
  7. We felt the need to build our own society when we watched the society of the so-called upper castes of the country.
  8. When I watch the youths divided, I am afraid that the old times come again.
  9. We struggled hard that is why the government abolished the casteism, untouchability and gradation degradation evil systems from the country and established the common rule by the democracy in the country!
  10. We must unite to raise our voice through our society to the government and the country’s citizens.
  11. The nations progressed and their rebuilding are due to the organisation of the society. The nation which has no organisation soon looses its self respect and identity!
  12. Brothers and sisters! There achievements are not sufficient for my nation. Our aim is still march advance to achieve completely the total lost rights by struggling more and more political and class struggle than before!
  13. It is my burning desire that the Adi-Dharam Mandal organisation must flourish and the flags of Sohang must furl in he every hook and corner of the country! Brothers and sisters! This will be achieved only when the well educated and the youths join and hold it’s reigns in theirs own firm hands!
  14. I am optimistic about those worker lieutenants and littérateurs who sacrificed their youth days by working with me, they will carry on in future also for the rest of theirs lives to flourish this nation as well as the Adi-Dharam’s movement!

(Courtesy: The Kaumi Udarian Punjabi Monthly’s Baba Mangu Ram Muggowalia’s birth centenary special issue January, 1986 Editor: Mr. C .L. Chumber. This was also reproduced in the Bahujan Samaj Bulletin’s (Sahib Kanshi Ra, was Editor and Mr. C. L. Chumber was resident editor) Baba Mangu Ram Muggowalia’s Special Issue dated 12 th January, 1997)

Posted on August 18, 2008

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