Khushi Ram

The attitude of the so-called followers of  Dr. Ambedkar recalls the rebuke Christ administered to his followers: “You call me ‘Lord’ ‘Lord’ but never carryout what I say.” To have easy and cheap leadership they claim to be Ambedkarites but do not observe any item of the work-a-day philosophy of that great leader.

Why do we celebrate Dr. Ambedkar’s birthday or his conversion to Buddhism? Most of us believe that it is a matter of earning merit points (virtue) just like the followers of other religions do when they celebrate the anniversaries of their gurus etc. This is a big mistake. The real purpose of celebrating any occasion connected with that great leader should be to emulate him, especially our confirmation of his philosophy of life. Mostly the speakers mention the following achievements of Dr. Ambedkar: (a) The Constitution of India, (b). His Political party viz the RPI, (c). Reservation in government services and legislatures, (d). His blameless life and high ideals of secularism, equality, liberty and social justice etc.

With regard to the first it may be stated that Constitution has been amended more that hundred times and may even be replaced. Does it mean that the Dr. Ambedkar will lose his importance for us? The political party setup by him is in shambles. Reservations have benefited the Dalits a lot but will not be there for ever. Does it mean that the future generations who may have no benefits of reservations should be right in forgetting the great leader? Even to boast of the exemplary life and ideals of Dr. Ambedkar is like children bragging about the achievements of their parents without having any personal merit of their own.

In our view we should cherish the memory of our emancipator because he gave us a valid philosophy of life and discovered for us a religion viz Buddhism of which we can be proud as our own cultural heritage, get rid of the dehumanizing Hindu Social and religious system and through which we can join other Buddhist societies of the world.     

Dr.Ambedkar was a great economist, a political thinker, a social reformer and above all a religious philosopher. He wrote more than fifty books and pamphlets, most of them being of topical interest. His two books of most lasting value are ‘Annihilation of Caste’ and ‘The Buddha and His Dhamma’. The first one gives an analysis of Caste System, our greatest social scourge which is the single most important reason of the exploitation of the Dalits and their dispiritedness and also prescribes a way out for us. It is a classical thesis on social/political/economic stratification and racism practiced by the Higher Castes of Hindu Society towards the untouchables and the Aborigines of India. It creates abhorrence in our mind for the Hindu values of life and exhorts us to find an alternative philosophy of life and a separate social system. The second book meets the above requirements and gives us Buddhism as a way of life in place of Hinduism. This book describes what the Buddha actually taught and not what ideas were attributed to him later on.

More non-Dalit writers are writing on Dr. Ambedkar and his philosophy than the Dalits and he is being remembered as a leader of new India more than any other leader of his time. In India a large number of Buddha Viharas and Ambedkar Bhawans are coming up. The Dalits are realizing that Buddhism can unite them on all IndiaPanchsheel) and the Eightfold Path to avoid the extremes of thought and behaviour are unexceptionable. This is the reason why Buddhism is becoming more and more popular all over the world. The Buddha is considered to be the most ancient and systematic philosopher of humanism because his philosophy is independent of the ideas of God and Soul. basis and they can benefit by associating with other Buddhist nations in the International field. For the intellectuals the Buddhist ‘theory of Impermanence’ and ‘Law of Causality’ are at par with the theory of evolutionary naturalism of the Western world.

The Buddha’s Five Principles of good conduct
(It may be difficult for the poor Dalits of India to advance rapidly towards Buddhism; they are under great cultural and economic pressure of the Higher Castes and are unable to standup for personal dignity and cultural autonomy. But what stands in the way of Dalits living in foreign countries adopting Buddhism as their religious and personal philosophy. They seem to be victims of tradition of their illiterate forefathers or they seek quick leadership within the social limits of their castes. Why don’t they examine as to what cultural heritage they are passing on to their children in free countries like Canada? Why are they forcing their children to remain in the Hindu/Sikh fold only to be called Chuhra – Chamar even in foreign countries? If you declare yourself to be a Sikh or a Hindu, the immediate reaction is: which caste? If you say I am a Buddhist there will be no more question and you will be considered as a very reasonable and compassionate person. Choice is yours; think for yourself.

Caste & Class

By K. R. Manav

In India, Caste and Class go together, overlap and are co-terminus, almost entirely if not entirely. While economic power (class) is single-pointed in effect, caste plays a multiple role in Indian society. Those who enjoy higher social status in the Caste hierarchy are mostly economically well off, enjoy more political power & have more opportunities of making a good career that person born in lower castes. While external circumstances create hurdles in the path of low caste man of even above average capacity in the surroundings of even a below average upper caste person push him up. If an upper caste man remains uneducated, unemployed or uncultured, there is something wrong with his individual personality.

Is it possible to fix an income limit (or should it be property limit?) below which even upper caste person will be entitled to reservation and above which even untouchables will be denied reservation? Both income and property can undergo change, not by manipulation but even in the normal course, even if we ignore that Indians are           experts in concealing their property and income if it benefits them. Will a family be entitled to the issue of              “reservation certificate” (or can’t be a caste certificate) at one particular time and not an other?                       

            If people can cheat even experts in the matter of income tax, house tax, sale tax, wealth tax, profit tax and land Ceiling Act etc., why should not be possible for high caste clever persons to get “low income” certificate from any authority of general administration which is mostly inefficient and corrupt.


(English Monthly Jantak Lehar Nov.84 & Dec.84)

Courtesy: Souvenir, 1985 Babu Mangu Ram Mugowalia 99th Birth Anniversary by Mr. C. L.Chumber.